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The Western Swamp Tortoise has been found only in transient swamps in a 3-5 km narrow strip of the Swan Coastal Plain near Perth. Conservation of the Western Swamp Tortoise Janet Durrant, Semester 2, 2013 2. What are the key biological attributes of the Western Swamp Tortoise and where is the species found? for Australia’s Most Endangered Species (FAME) acknowledges the traditional Perth’s increasingly dry climate is also affecting Western Swamp Tortoise numbers. Contact your local coordinator of the environment - conserve water in and around your home - avoid the use of fertilizers. CLASSIFICATION: Critically endangered The situation is dire for the critically endangered Western Swamp Tortoise, there’s probably no more than 200 left on the planet. Western Swamp Turtles are thought to live for up to 100 years, but these tortoises don t reach sexual maturity until about 15 years and then lay only relatively small clutches of 3 to 5 eggs. The number of tortoises dropped from more than 300 in the mid-1960s to less than 50 in the mid-1980s. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The western swamp tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina), also known as the western swamp turtle, is a short-necked freshwater tortoise that monotypically represents the sister taxa of all other members of the Chelodininae. It’s a short-necked tortorise with a browny/blacky shell and a unmistakeable spikey neck that looks a bit like armour. Resolution of the enigmatic phylogenetic relationship of the critically endangered Western Swamp Tortoise Pseudemydura umbrina (Pleurodira: Chelidae) using a complete mitochondrial genome. Current Western Swamp Tortoise populations are found in two small swamp reserves in WA, but are facing habitat loss and predation from introduced species like foxes, cats, dogs and pigs. The Aldabra Giant Tortoise is a giant species of Tortoise native to the Aldabra Islands in the Indian ocean. It has the smallest surviving population of any Australian reptile. It has webbed toes with five claws on each foot. Also see the Perth Zoo website for more information on their Western Swamp Tortoise breeding program. This is particularly hard to achieve when rainfall is low, as food supplies run short. What factors have led to the Western Swamp Tortoise becoming an endangered species? Description: Western Swamp Tortoises have a brown or black shell, a short neck covered with tuberacles (knobbles) and webbed toes with five claws on each foot. They provide nursery areas for fish, and breeding grounds for wildlife, particularly waterbirds. Unfortunately, their already small range has dwindled to a narrow strip near WA’s capital city, Perth, due to factors such as urbanisation and agriculture. Australia’s smallest tortoise, this is a species that can live up to 100 years. Australia’s smallest tortoise, this is a species that can live up to 100 years. This short-necked tortoise’s preferred habitats are the ephemeral winter swamplands of the Swan Coastal Plain. This strip runs parallel with the Darling Scarp extending from Perth Airport to Pearce Royal Australian Air Force Base at Bullsbrook. Originally it was known only from a single specimen collected in 1839 from an unknown location in Western Australia. Since then intensive habitat management, captive breedingand translocations have increased the number to around 200. They escape the heats of intense summer and avoid dehydration by aestivation. References Western Swamp Tortoise - report sightings of the tortoise. Teachers, students love learning about the Western Swamp Tortoise. A western swamp tortoise hatchling. This Act is the main Commonwealth legislation for protecting the environment These hard-shelled eggs hatch the following winter, and will grow slowly from this point onwards. The western swamp tortoise is found only in a few small wetlands in the southwest of Australia, including the Ellen Brook Nature Reserve in the Perth suburb of Upper Swan. owners of country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, Community awareness plays a critical role is saving such species. The western swamp tortoise is Australia’s most endangered reptile. Aldabra Giant Tortoise Classification and Evolution. The main behavioral traits of the Western swamp tortoises have been described below: 1. To find out more, please visit the DPAW website. The tortoises hibernate for six months of the year, only venturing out during winter and spring. The Western Swamp Tortoise is one of Australia's most endangered reptiles. It grew from the very successful Western Swamp Tortoise Captive Breeding Management Committee, which was set up in 1987 and which was a runner-up for the IBM 1990 Conservation Award. By the 1980s there were fewer than 30 left in the wild. • Perth Zoo currently holds 161 tortoises comprising 22 breeding males, 23 breeding females and 116 other tortoises comprising hatchlings, juveniles, subadults and non- -breeding adults. Forty-two hatchlings were obtained in 2003 from eggs laid in 2002. Pseudemydura umbrina We can only hope the Western Swamp Tortoise can keep hanging on…. To find out more, please visit the DPAW website. In an effort to try and extend the Western Swamp Tortoise's range, populations have been translocated to Mogumber Nature Reserve and Moore River National Park. If you would like a copy of our audited financial statement please email us on fame@fame.org.au. Aldabra Giant Tortoise Classification and Evolution. Sexual maturity is reached anywhere from 11-15+ years of age. Diet: Western Swamp Tortoises are carnivores and eat small invertebrates. Western Australia’s Department of Parks and Wildlife (DPAW) keeps an extensive list of threatened fauna in line with the Wildlife Conservation Act. The family is distributed in Australia, New Guinea, parts of Indonesia, and throughout most of South America.It is a large family of turtles with a significant fossil history dating back to the Cretaceous. The western swamp turtle, also known as the western swamp tortoise, is a short-necked freshwater turtle that is the sister taxon to all other members of the subfamily Chelodininae. This Act is the main Commonwealth legislation for protecting the environment and conserving biodiversity. The Foundation for Australia’s Most Endangered Species Ltd (FAME) is an independent, registered charity organisation, registered with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission (ACNC) and has deductible gift recipient (DGR) status.All environmental organisations with tax deductibility status are required by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 to provide the Department with statistical data for each financial year by 31 October of that year. These can wash into the rivers and swamps; and become involved in helping threatened The situation is dire for the critically endangered Western Swamp Tortoise, there’s probably no more than 200 left on the planet. Credit: Dan Scarparolo/Perth Zoo He says assisted colonisation can involve wild animals but they found captive bred animals can establish as … It is listed under the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950, the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the United Nations Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) as a critically endangered species. What is the Western Swamp Tortoise and why is it endangered? The Western Swamp Tortoise is listed as endangered under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The western swamp turtle is a Critically Endangered species threatened by climate change. The Western Swamp Tortoise is listed as endangered under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Once it gets warmer, it will dig a hole underground or burrow in leaf litter to escape the heat. 2. 2. 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