Florence Nightingale. Respecting her last wishes, her relatives turned down a national funeral and the “Lady with the Lamp” was laid to rest in her family’s plot at St. Margaret’s Church, East Wellow, in Hampshire, England. US title Florence Nightingale. Based on her observations in the Crimea, Florence Nightingale wrote Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army, an 830-page report analyzing her experience and proposing reforms for other military hospitals operating under poor conditions. The income given to her by her father during this time allowed her to pursue her career and still live comfortably. Florence Nightingale: Part I. Strachey, Lytton. British battlefield medical facilities were deplorable prompting Minister at War, Sidney Herbert, to appoint Nightingale to oversee the care of the wounded. In George, J. The following are the subconcepts of Florence Nightingale’s theory: “Badly constructed houses do for the healthy what badly constructed hospitals do for the sick. She was the younger of two children. She stated that patients should never be “waked intentionally” or accidentally during the first part of sleep. Let us know if you have found this post helpful. Nightingale is the first nurse theorist well-known for developing the Environmental Theory that revolutionized nursing practices to create sanitary conditions for patients to get care. Once ensure that the air is stagnant and sickness is certain to follow.”, “Keep the air he breathes as pure as the external air, without chilling him.”. Determining a patient’s environment for recovery based on his or her condition or disease is still practiced today, such as in patients suffering from tetanus, who need minimal noise to keep them calm and prevent seizures. She tended to wounded soldiers during the Crimean War. The factors posed great significance during Nightingale’s time when health institutions had poor sanitation, and health workers had little education and training and were frequently incompetent and unreliable in attending to the needs of the patients. In 1860, she established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St Thomas’ Hospital in London. She also criticized “fumigations,” for she believed that the offensive source, not the smell, must be removed. Still, like many daughters, she was eager to please her mother. Nightingale’s work served as an inspiration for nurses in the American Civil War. The Nature of Nursing, Fundamentals of Nursing: Concepts, Process and Practice, Second Edition, Barbara Kozier, Glenora Erb, Audrey Berman, Shirlee Snyder, 2004, p.38. The major concepts of Florence Nightingale’s Theory are: “What nursing has to do… is to put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon him” (Nightingale, 1859/1992), Nightingale stated that nursing “ought to signify the proper use of fresh air, light, warmth, cleanliness, quiet, and the proper selection and administration of diet – all at the least expense of vital power to the patient.” She reflected the art of nursing in her statement that, “the art of nursing, as now practiced, seems to be expressly constituted to unmake what God had made disease to be, viz., a reparative process.”. Nightingale spent the rest of her career working toward the establishment and development of nursing as a profession, paving the way for nursing in its current form. This organic matter enters the sheets and stays there unless the bedding is changed and aired frequently. Nightingale is the first nurse theorist well-known for developing the Environmental Theory that revolutionized nursing practices to create sanitary conditions for patients to get care. Florence Nightingale. The US Navy launched a namesake troop transport during World War II, “USS Florence Nightingale,” which served gallantly during the course of the war receiving four battle stars. In addition to the analysis of the concept of ventilation, it is not always beneficial for all clients to have fresh air. In addition to the continued operation of the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery at King’s College London, The Nightingale Building in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at the University of Southampton is also named after her. She was very concerned about “noxious air” or “effluvia” and foul odors that came from excrement. The temperature could be controlled by an appropriate balance between burning fires and ventilation from windows. Florence Nightingale is the most recognized name in the field of nursing. Notes on nursing: What it is and what it is not. He advocates for proper training and development of new nurses, quality assurance and compassionate care. Her work was instrumental for developing modern nursing practice, and from her first shift, she worked to ensure patients in her care had what they needed to get healthy. Despite the objections of her parents, Nightingale enrolled as a nursing student in 1844 at the Lutheran Hospital of Pastor Fliedner in Kaiserswerth, Germany. The Environmental Theory of Nursing is a patient-care theory. She held this position until October 1854. In McEwen, M. and Wills, E. Rubicon Press: 1995, 2008. International Nurses Day is celebrated on her birthday. In 1860, her best authored works was published, “Notes on Nursing,” outlining principles of nursing. She also advocated rotating 10 or 12 paintings and engravings each day, week, or month to provide variety for the patient. The Crimean War began and soon reports in the newspapers were describing the desperate lack of proper medical facilities for wounded British soldiers at the front. Nightingale became known as “The Lady with the Lamp.” During the Crimean War, she initially made her rounds on horseback and at night used an oil lamp to light her way, then reverted to a mule cart and finally a carriage with a hood and curtains. With America’s first female doctor, Elizabeth Blackwell, opened the Women’s Medical College. Nurse Salary 2020: How Much Do Registered Nurses Make? However, she rejected a suitor, Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton, because she feared that entertaining men would interfere the process. Nightingale believed the deaths were the result of poor nutrition, inadequate supplies, and the soldiers being dramatically overworked. In 1904, she was appointed a Lady of Grace of the Order of St John (LGStJ). She worked hard to learn about nursing, despite society’s expectation that she become a wife and mother. Florence Nightingale was born on May 12, 1820, in Nightingale, Italy. She is considered as the first theorist in nursing and paved the way in the foundation of the nursing profession we know today. You may also like the following nursing theories study guides: The following are the references and sources used for this guide: With contributions by Wayne, G., Ramirez, Q., Vera, M. Originally published on August 4, 2014. In 1883, Nightingale was given the Royal Red Cross by Queen Victoria. She discussed the need for changes in color and form, including bringing the patient brightly colored flowers or plants. Retrieved July 31, 2014, from https://www.bartleby.com/189/201.html. Nightingale noted that an adult in health exhales about three pints of moisture through the lungs and skin in a 24-hour period. She died unexpectedly at 2 pm the following day, Saturday, August 13, at her home in London. Nightingale believed that second to fresh air, the sick needed light. Still, above all this, it is very much clear the Nightingale’s Environmental Theory is superb as a starting point of the progression of our profession and served as a catalyst for nursing’s improvement.